When a web page is loaded, the browser creates a Document Object Model of the page.
The HTML DOM model is constructed as a tree of Objects:
What is the DOM?
The DOM is a W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standard.
The DOM defines a standard for accessing documents:
“The W3C Document Object Model (DOM) is a platform and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure, and style of a document.”
The W3C DOM standard is separated into 3 different parts:
- Core DOM – standard model for all document types
- XML DOM – standard model for XML documents
- HTML DOM – standard model for HTML documents
What is the HTML DOM?
The HTML DOM is a standard object model and programming interface for HTML. It defines:
- The HTML elements as objects
- The properties of all HTML elements
- The methods to access all HTML elements
- The events for all HTML elements
In other words: The HTML DOM is a standard for how to get, change, add, or delete HTML elements.
HTML DOM methods are actions you can perform (on HTML Elements). HTML DOM properties are values (of HTML Elements) that you can set or change.
The DOM Programming Interface
In the DOM, all HTML elements are defined as objects.
The programming interface is the properties and methods of each object.
A property is a value that you can get or set (like changing the content of an HTML element).
A method is an action you can do (like add or deleting an HTML element).
The following example changes the content (the innerHTML ) of the <p> element with id=”demo“:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h2>My First Page</h2> <p id="demo"></p> <script> document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello World!"; </script> </body> </html>
The innerHTML property can be used to get or change any HTML element, including <html> and <body>.