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CSS Web development

CSS Buttons

Button elements are not only good for user navigation but also a very important design element for any web page.

Today you can learn how to style buttons using CSS.

Basic button styling:

On the left side the default button, on the right styled with CSS.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: lightblue;
  border: none;
  color: black;
  padding: 15px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 18px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button>Default Button</button>
<button class="button">Button</button>
</body>
</html>

Use the background-color property to change a colour:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: lightblue;
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 15px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button2 {background-color: yellow;}
.button3 {background-color: red;} 
.button4 {background-color: blue; color: black;} 
.button5 {background-color: pink;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button">Green</button>
<button class="button button2">Blue</button>
<button class="button button3">Red</button>
<button class="button button4">Gray</button>
<button class="button button5">Black</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

You can change the size of a button too:

  1. Use the font-size property to change the font size of a button:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: blue; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 15px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button1 {font-size: 12px;}
.button2 {font-size: 14px;}
.button3 {font-size: 16px;}
.button4 {font-size: 22px;}
.button5 {font-size: 24px;}
</style>
</head>
<body>


<button class="button button1">12px</button>
<button class="button button2">14px</button>
<button class="button button3">16px</button>
<button class="button button4">22px</button>
<button class="button button5">24px</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

2. Use the padding property to change a padding of the button:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: blue; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button1 {padding: 10px 24px;}
.button2 {padding: 12px 28px;}
.button3 {padding: 14px 40px;}
.button4 {padding: 32px 16px;}
.button5 {padding: 16px;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button button1">10px 24px</button>
<button class="button button2">12px 28px</button>
<button class="button button3">14px 40px</button>
<button class="button button4">32px 16px</button>
<button class="button button5">16px</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

You can change the shape of the button by using the border-radius property:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: blue; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 20px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button1 {border-radius: 2px;}
.button2 {border-radius: 4px;}
.button3 {border-radius: 8px;}
.button4 {border-radius: 12px;}
.button5 {border-radius: 50%;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button button1">2px</button>
<button class="button button2">4px</button>
<button class="button button3">8px</button>
<button class="button button4">12px</button>
<button class="button button5">50%</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Colored button borders. Use the border property to add a colored border to a button:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: blue; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 15px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button1 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #4CAF50;
}

.button2 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #008CBA;
}

.button3 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #f44336;
}

.button4 {
  background-color: white;
  color: black;
  border: 2px solid #e7e7e7;
}

.button5 {
  background-color: white;
  color: black;
  border: 2px solid #555555;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button button1">Green</button>
<button class="button button2">Blue</button>
<button class="button button3">Red</button>
<button class="button button4">Gray</button>
<button class="button button5">Black</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Hoverable buttons. Use the :hover selector to change the style of a button when you move the mouse over it.

Tip: Use the transition-duration property to determine the speed of the “hover” effect:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: #4CAF50; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 16px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  -webkit-transition-duration: 0.4s; 
  transition-duration: 0.4s;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.button1 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #4CAF50;
}

.button1:hover {
  background-color: #4CAF50;
  color: white;
}

.button2 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #008CBA;
}

.button2:hover {
  background-color: #008CBA;
  color: white;
}

.button3 {
  background-color: white; 
  color: black; 
  border: 2px solid #f44336;
}

.button3:hover {
  background-color: #f44336;
  color: white;
}

.button4 {
  background-color: white;
  color: black;
  border: 2px solid #e7e7e7;
}

.button4:hover {background-color: #e7e7e7;}

.button5 {
  background-color: white;
  color: black;
  border: 2px solid #555555;
}

.button5:hover {
  background-color: #555555;
  color: white;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button button1">Green</button>
<button class="button button2">Blue</button>
<button class="button button3">Red</button>
<button class="button button4">Gray</button>
<button class="button button5">Black</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Shadow Buttons. Use the box-shadow property to add shadows to a button:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  background-color: #4CAF50; 
  border: none;
  color: white;
  padding: 15px 32px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 16px;
  margin: 4px 2px;
  cursor: pointer;
  -webkit-transition-duration: 0.4s; 
  transition-duration: 0.4s;
}

.button1 {
  box-shadow: 0 8px 16px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2), 0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19);
}

.button2:hover {
  box-shadow: 0 12px 16px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.24),0 17px 50px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19);
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button button1">Shadow Button</button>
<button class="button button2">Shadow on Hover</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Animated Buttons:

Add an arrow on hover:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  display: inline-block;
  border-radius: 4px;
  background-color: blue;
  border: none;
  color: #FFFFFF;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 28px;
  padding: 20px;
  width: 200px;
  transition: all 0.5s;
  cursor: pointer;
  margin: 5px;
}

.button span {
  cursor: pointer;
  display: inline-block;
  position: relative;
  transition: 0.5s;
}

.button span:after {
  content: '\00bb';
  position: absolute;
  opacity: 0;
  top: 0;
  right: -20px;
  transition: 0.5s;
}

.button:hover span {
  padding-right: 25px;
}

.button:hover span:after {
  opacity: 1;
  right: 0;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button" style="vertical-align:middle"><span>Hover </span></button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Add a “pressed” effect on click:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.button {
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 15px 25px;
  font-size: 24px;
  cursor: pointer;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration: none;
  outline: none;
  color: #fff;
  background-color: lightblue;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 15px;
  box-shadow: 0 9px #999;
}

.button:hover {background-color: blue}

.button:active {
  background-color: blue;
  box-shadow: 0 5px #666;
  transform: translateY(4px);
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<button class="button">Click Me</button>

</body>
</html>

Output:

To see how to add to your buttons the shine effect click here.

Enjoy coding!

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