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CSS Web development

CSS Rounded Corners

You can give any element “rounded corners” with the CSS border-radius property.

The CSS border-radius defines radius of an element’s corners.

Tip: The border-radius property is actually a shorthand property for the border-top-left-radiusborder-top-right-radiusborder-bottom-right-radius and border-bottom-left-radius properties.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style> 
#rcorners1 {
  border-radius: 25px;
  background: lightblue;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px;  
}

#rcorners2 {
  border-radius: 25px;
  border: 2px solid lightblue;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px;  
}

#rcorners3 {
  border-radius: 25px;
  background: url(https://lenadesign.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/1a.jpg?w=640);
  background-position: left top;
  background-repeat: repeat;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px;  
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>The border-radius Property</h1>

<p>Rounded corners for an element with a specified background color:</p>
<p id="rcorners1">Rounded corners!</p>
<p>Rounded corners for an element with a border:</p>
<p id="rcorners2">Rounded corners!</p>
<p>Rounded corners for an element with a background image:</p>
<p id="rcorners3">Rounded corners!</p>

</body>

Output:

CSS border-radius can have from one to four values (specify each corner). Here are the rules:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style> 
#rcorners1 {
  border-radius: 15px 50px 30px 5px;
  background: lightpink;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
}

#rcorners2 {
  border-radius: 15px 50px 30px;
  background: lightblue;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
}

#rcorners3 {
  border-radius: 15px 50px;
  background: lightgreen;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
} 

#rcorners4 {
  border-radius: 15px;
  background: brown;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
} 
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>The border-radius Property</h1>

<p>Four values - border-radius: 15px 50px 30px 5px; (first value applies to top-left corner, second value applies to top-right corner, third value applies to bottom-right corner, and fourth value applies to bottom-left corner): </p>
<p id="rcorners1"></p>

<p>Three values - border-radius: 15px 50px 30px; (first value applies to top-left corner, second value applies to top-right and bottom-left corners, and third value applies to bottom-right corner):</p>
<p id="rcorners2"></p>

<p>Two values - border-radius: 15px 50px; (first value applies to top-left and bottom-right corners, and the second value applies to top-right and bottom-left corners):</p>
<p id="rcorners3"></p>

<p>One value - border-radius: 15px; (the value applies to all four corners, which are rounded equally:</p>
<p id="rcorners4"></p>

</body>
</html>

Output:

You can also create elliptical corners:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style> 
#rcorners1 {
  border-radius: 50px / 15px;
  background: lightpink;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
}

#rcorners2 {
  border-radius: 15px / 50px;
  background: lightblue;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px; 
}

#rcorners3 {
  border-radius: 50%;
  background: lightgreen;
  padding: 20px; 
  width: 200px;
  height: 150px;
} 
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>The border-radius Property</h1>

<p>Elliptical border - border-radius: 50px / 15px:</p>
<p id="rcorners1"></p>

<p>Elliptical border - border-radius: 15px / 50px:</p>
<p id="rcorners2"></p>

<p>Ellipse border - border-radius: 50%:</p>
<p id="rcorners3"></p>

</body>
</html>

Output:

To create a circle, use the border-radius property and set the value to 50%. Then combine the height and width properties with a matching value:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style> 
.circle {
    background-color:lightblue;
    border:1px solid red;    
    height:100px;
    border-radius:50%;
    -moz-border-radius:50%;
    -webkit-border-radius:50%;
    width:100px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>The border-radius Property</h1>

<div class="circle"></div>

</body>
</html>

Output:

Enjoy coding!

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